Sunrise LNG in Timor-Leste:
A Report by La’o Hamutuk
By Guteriano Neves, Charles Scheiner and Santina Soares
This report is also published on paper, on a CD-ROM (with the referenced documents), and on the internet at www.laohamutuk.org/oil/LNG/Report.htm. On this OilWeb CD, you can read it in your browser or in the following formats:
This report draws on more than a hundred sources, many of which include valuable background on LNG economics and technology and on Timor-Leste's situation. In addition to following links from within the report, you can access many of them from this list of references.
Technical and economic terms used in this report are defined in a Glossary, which also serves to introduce fundamental concepts necessary to understand these issues.
The fiscal model used in this report to project possible revenues for Timor-Leste under different scenarios is available in this Excel spreadsheet.
This report is the collective effort of La’o Hamutuk’s Natural Resources Team, with assistance from a number of other knowledgeable people. Two technical contributors, Guillermo Franco1 (engineering, risk and environmental impact) and Martin E. Sandbu2 (social and economic development) joined us in Timor-Leste for some of the research and assisted greatly in writing and reviewing the report. From La’o Hamutuk’s staff collective, Guteriano Neves, Charles Scheiner and Santina Soares worked on the entire report, and were joined by Tibor van Staveren and Viriato Seac during editing and finalization. Emma Conlan, formerly with Oxfam Australia in Timor-Leste, assisted with the executive summary and final edits. Although this report is the accumulation of the contributions, expertise and research of each of the authors and contributors, responsibility for its contents, conclusions and recommendations rests with La’o Hamutuk.
La’o Hamutuk (Walking Together in English), also known as the Timor-Leste Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis, is a seven-year-old Timor-Leste non-governmental organization that monitors, analyzes and reports on the principal international institutions present in Timor-Leste as they relate to the physical, economic, and social reconstruction and development of the country. La’o Hamutuk believes that the people of Timor-Leste must be the ultimate decision-makers in this process and that this process should be democratic and transparent. La’o Hamutuk is an independent organization and works to facilitate effective Timorese participation, to improve communication between the international community and Timorese society, to provide resources on alternative development models, and to facilitate links between Timorese groups and groups abroad. For the last five years, La’o Hamutuk has been the leading force in civil society on many aspects of Timor-Leste’s petroleum development, including boundary negotiations with Australia, regulating the offshore upstream industry, developing petroleum legislation and managing petroleum revenues. La’o Hamutuk also participates in international networks on these issues, and is publishing this report to share our knowledge and experience with a broad range of Timorese citizens, leaders and organizations.
We have published this report to help Timor-Leste complete and improve legal and other mechanisms to develop a Liquefied Natural Gas plant and to manage our non-renewable natural resources well. Many of its findings are also relevant to other major industrial facilities. These are large and complex topics, and we hope that the many sources we have drawn upon can provide insights and references for further studies and implementation.
The Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis (La’o Hamutuk)