|Calculations by La’o Hamutuk, February 2014.|
The Laminaria-Corallina oil field in the Timor Sea is just outside the Joint Petroleum Development Area, twice as close to East Timor as it is to Australia. It belongs to East Timor under current international legal principles (UNCLOS). Laminaria-Corallina has produced 203 million barrels of oil since starting production in late 1999. Australia has made billions of dollars from this field, but East Timor has not received one cent.
The field is now about 95% depleted, but production will continue for years. Woodside's reserve estimates for the end of 2011 said that Laminaria-Corallina still contained about 14 million recoverable barrels, and 3.8 million barrels were extracted during 2012 and 2013.
How much money has Australia taken from Timor-Leste? Our very conservative calculations show that Australia received more than two billion U.S. dollars in government revenues from Laminaria-Corallina through the end of 2012, and the actual figure is significantly higher.
Until 2005, Woodside’s ownership share of the joint ventures was 44.9% of Laminaria and 50% of Corallina. This 47.9% proportion was constant until March 11, 2005, when Woodside purchased an additional share in Laminaria from Shell. Since that date, Woodside's share is 59.9% of Laminaria and 66.67% of Corallina, amounting to about 66% of total production.
The following table gives Woodside’s sales revenues from Laminaria-Corallina for each year from 1999 through 2013. From this, we can calculate the total income to all joint venture partners from these fields, and approximate the tax they would have paid to the Australian government.
|Kalkulasaun husi La’o Hamutuk, Fevereiru 2014|
Kampu mina-rai Laminaria-Corallina iha Tasi Timor ne’e laos iha Area Dezenvolvimentu Petroleu Konjunta (JPDA) nia laran, besik liu dala rua ba Timor-Leste duke ba Australia. Kampu ida ne’e Timor-Leste nian tuir prinsipiu legal internasional (UNCLOS) nian. Kampu mina-rai Laminaria-Corallina produs mina-rai baril tokon 203 hafoin hahuu produsaun iha tinan 1999 nia klaran. Australia hetan osan biliaun rua dolares husi kampu mina-rai ida ne’e, maibe Timor-Leste rasik lahetan centavos ida husi kampu ne’e.
Kampu mina ne'e agora 95% atu hotu, maibe produsaun bele kontinua ba tinan balun tan. Woodside estimatiza reserva bainhira tinan 2011 remata hanesan tokon 14 barril, no produs ona 3.8 barril durante tinan 2012-2013.
Hira mak Australia hetan? Kalkulasuan tuir mai ne’e konservativu liu hodi hatudu katak Australia hetan liu US$ biliaun rua ba iha rendimentu governu nian husi Laminaria-Corallina too iha tinan 2012 nia rohan, no figura atual nian boot liu.
Molok 2005, Woodside iha 44.9% saham iha konsorsiu konjunta nian ba Laminaria no 50% iha Corallina. Proporsaun 47.9% ida ne’e nafatin too iha 11 Marsu 2005, wainhira Woodside aumenta saham adisional ida iha Laminaria husi Shell. Hahuu husi loron ne’eba, Woodside nia saham 59.9% ba Laminaria no 66.67% ba Corallina, hodi soma to 66% ba total produsaun nian.
Tabela tuir mai ne’e atu hatudu rendimentu Woodside nian, ne’ebe nia hetan husi Laminaria-Corallina ba kada tinan ida husi 1999 to 2013. Husi ida ne’e, ami bele kalkula rendimentu total ba parseiru konsorsiu konjunta tomak husi kampu minarai ida ne’e, no estimatiza taxa ne’ebe sira selu ba iha Governu Australia.