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Early Parliamentary Election: 12 May 2018
Eleisaun Antesipada Parlamentár: 12 Maiu 2018

12 April 2018. Atualiza 25 April

Introduction and background

On 7 February 2018, President of the Republic Francisco Guterres Lú-Olo set the date for early Parliamentary elections for 12 May. The President's decision resulted from the political impasse which occurred when the 7th Government only received support from a minority of 30 Members of Parliament, and Parliament did not pass the program of the Government led by Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri.

Previously, in the 2017 Parliamentary Election, FRETILIN won 29.7% of the votes (23 seats), CNRT got 29.5% (22 seats), PLP got 10.6% (8 seats), PD got 9.8% (7 seats), and KHUNTO received 6.4% (5 seats). As the most-voted party, FRETILIN received the right to form a Government, and they needed support from at least 33 Deputies to achieve a Parliamentary majority.

After negotiation with the other political parties, FRETILIN was only able to secure 30 votes through its coalition with PD, and the two parties formed a minority government. CNRT, PLP and KHUNTO formed a majority opposition, becoming the Alliance for Change and Progress (Aliansa Mudansa ba Progresu - AMP) to participate in early Parliamentary elections.

According to RDTL Constitution articles 108 and 109, the Government submits its program to National Parliament for consideration, debate and approval. The Program of the VII Constitutional Government did not pass Parliament, and the Government did not present it for a second time before the President of the Republic decided to call for early elections after hearing from political parties, civil society and religious leaders. A few days later, he set the date for 12 May.

Introdusaun no antesedente

Iha loron 07 Fevreiru 2018 Prezidente da Repúblika Francisco Guterres Lú-Olo determina loron ba Eleisaun Parlamentár Antesipada ne’ebé sei halo iha loron 12 fulan Maiu 2018. Desizaun Prezidente nian ne’e mai nu’udar rezultadu hosi impase polítiku ne’ebé akontese tanba hafoin Governu VII ne’ebé hetan apoiu husi deputadu sira minoria 30 kadeira, Governu ne’ebé lidera hosi Primeiru Ministru Dr. Mari Alkatiri nia programa la pasa iha Parlamentu Nasional.

Molok ne’e iha eleisaun parlamentár iha 2017, FRETILIN manán ho votu 29.7%, CNRT ho votu 29.5%, PLP ho votu 10.6%, PD ho votu 9.8% no KHUNTO ho votu 6.4%. Total kadeira sira iha Parlamentu Nasional fahe tuir votu sira ne’ebé partidu lima ne’e hetan mak FRETILIN ho kadeira 23, CNRT ho kadeira 22, PLP ho kadeira 8, PD ho kadeira 7 no KHUNTO ho kadeira 5. Hafoin rezultadu ida ne’e, FRETILIN hanesan partidu ho votu barak liu, hetan direitu atu forma Governu no presiza asegura kadeira menus liu 33 atu nune’e bele hetan maioria Parlamentár.

Infelizmente, hafoin halo negosiasaun ho partidu polítiku ho votu sira, FRETILIN konsege asegura de’it kadeira 30 liu hosi koligasaun ho PD. Ho nune’e FRETILIN no PD konsege forma de’it Governu ida ne’ebé hetan apoiu minoria iha Parlamentu Nasional. CNRT, PLP no KHUNTO forma opozisaun maioria parlamentár ne’ebé ikus mai hamutuk forma Aliansa Mudansa ba Progresu (AMP) atu hakat ba Eleisaun Parlamentár Antesipada nian.

Tuir Konstituisaun RDTL artigu 108 no 109, Governu halo no hato’o nia programa ba Parlamentu Nasional atu hetan apresiasaun, diskute no aprova.  Programa VII Governu nia la pasa iha Parlamentu Nasional, Governu la aprezenta fali nia programa ba darua too Prezidente Repúblika deside eleisaun antesipada hafoin rona tiha partidu polítiku sira, sosiedade sivíl no lider relijiozu sira.

Process for early elections

After the President decided on early elections, the Technical Secretariat for Election Administration (STAE) and National Elections Commission (CNE) began to organize them for 12 May, and STAE published a registration tabulation on 17 January (to be updated), and a calendar of the electoral process on 21 February.

The Court of Appeals began receiving registrations from political parties and coalitions which were interested to compete.

On 28 March, the Court of Appeals issued the list of parties and coalitions who had passed the process and would be on the ballet. These parties drew numbers for ballot positions, which were allocated as follows:

Prosesu Eleisaun Antesipada

Hafoin Prezidente Repúblika deside eleisaun antesipada, órgaun eleitorál sira hahú organiza prosesu sira ne’ebé sei lori Timor-Leste tama ba iha eleisaun Antesipada, tuir data ne’ebé Prezidente da Repúblika determina ona, no Sekretáriadu Tékniku Administrasaun Eleisaun (STAE) publika Resenseamentu provizóriu iha loron 17 Janeiru (sei atualiza) no Calendário das Operações Eleitorais iha loron 21 Fevreiru.

Tribunal de Rekursu hahú hosi data simu rejistu ba partidu polítiku ka koligasaun sira ne’ebé iha interese atu kompete ba iha Eleisaun Antesipada.

Iha loron 28 Marsu 2018 Tribunal de Rekursu fó sai lista ba partidu polítiku no koligasaun sira ne’ebé mak liu prosesu no atu konkore iha eleisaun antesipada. Partidu no Koligasaun sira tuir númeru sorteiu ne’ebé aloka ona mak hanesan tuir mai ne’e:

  1. Partido Esperança da Pátria (PEP)

  2. Partido Democrático (PD); Kompromisiu Eleitoral

  3. Partidu Republikanu (PR); Programa Politiku

  4. Partido Frente Revolucionária de Timor-Leste Independente (FRETILIN); Programa Governasaun

  5. Movimento Social Democrata (MSD) - Partidu Sosialista Timor (PST), Centro Ação Social Democrata Timorense (CASDT), Partido Social Democrata (PSD) no Partido Democracia Cristão (PDC)

  6. Movimentu Desenvolvimentu Nacional (MDN) - Unidade Nacional Democrática da Resistencia Timorense (UNDERTIM), Movimento Libertasaun Povo Maubere (MLPM), Associacao Popular Monarquia Timorense (APMT), Partido Liberta Povo Aileba (PLPA)

  7. Frenti Dezevolvimentu Demokrátiku (FDD) - Partido Unidade Dezenvolvimentu Demokrátiku (PUDD), União Democrática Timorense (UDT), Frenti Mudança; Plataforma politika

  8. Aliança Mudança para o Progresso (AMP) - Partido Congresso Nacional de Reconstrução de Timor-Leste (CNRT), Partido da Libertação Popular (PLP) no Klibur Haburas Unidade Nacional Timor Oan (KHUNTO); Programa AMP

On 2 April, STAE circulated the list of the names of candidates on each party slate.

The campaign began on 10 April and will continue until 10 May, and the election will be held on 12 May. CNE published a calendar of campaign activities (8MB printed version) and put it on their website.

Iha loron 02 Abril 2018 STAE publika lista kandidatu sira hosi partidu polítiku sira no koligasaun sira.

Kampaña hahú iha loron 10 Abril 2018 to’o loron 10 Maiu 2018 no eleisaun sei hala’o iha loron 12 Maiu 2018. CNE publika kalendáriu ba atividade sira durante kampaña (verzaun imprimi 8 MB) iha sira nia website.

Information from La'o Hamutuk (all Tetum)

La'o Hamutuk is distributing a questionnaire asking each party and coalition its positions on key policy issues, and we will publish the responses here as we receive them.

We have also produced a brochure (right) with questions for voters to ask of campaigning politicians.
Materials produced by La'o Hamutuk include:

Informasaun hosi La’o Hamutuk

La’o Hamutuk distribui kestionáriu ida husu pozisaun kada partidu no koligasaun sira nian kona-ba pergunta polítika xave sira no ami sei publika resposta sira bainhira ami simu.

Ami mos produz broxura (liman karuk) ho pergunta ne'ebe eleitor sira bele husu ba partidu no kandidatu sira.
Informasaun hosi La'o Hamutuk inklui:

TVE, with the collaboration of La'o Hamutuk and the Core Group on Transparency (CGT), is hosting a series of televised debates among the parties on different issues. You can watch Tetum streaming videos of some of them on Facebook:

Nine more debates are scheduled between 20 April and 9 May -- see the schedule at right.

TVE, hamutuk ho La'o Hamutuk no Core Group on Transparency (CGT), fo sai debate balu iha televiziaun ho partidu sira kona-ba asuntu oi-oin. Bele hare balun liu 'streaming' iha Facebook:

TVE sei organiza debate sia tan -- hare orariu iha liman karuk.

Information about the electoral process

Informasaun kona-ba prosesu eleisaun

Commentary Komentáriu

Relevant documents

Dokumentu relevante sira


The Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis (La’o Hamutuk)
Institutu Timor-Leste ba Analiza no Monitor ba Dezenvolvimentu
Rua D. Alberto Ricardo, Bebora, Dili, Timor-Leste
P.O. Box 340, Dili, Timor-Leste
Tel: +670-3321040 or +670-77234330
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