PART 1 - PRELIMINARY
PART 2 - BASELINES
PART 3 - OUTER LIMITS OF MARITIME ZONES
PART 4 - OVERLAPPING MARITIME ENTITLEMENTS
PART 5 - SOVEREIGNTY, SOVEREIGN RIGHTS AND JURISDICTION
The Timor-Leste Maritime Zones Act
Be it enacted by the President and Parliament as follows:
1. This Act may be cited as the Maritime Zones Act, 2002.
2. This Act shall come into force on 20 May 2002.
For the purposes of this Act:
"Baselines" means the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured, as described in articles 3 and 4 of this Act;
"Contiguous zone" means the contiguous zone of East Timor as described in article 7 of this Act;
"Continental shelf" means the continental shelf of East Timor as described in article 9 of this Act;
"East Timor" includes the enclave of Oecusse, the islands of Ataúro and Jaco, together with other islands and features constituting dependencies capable of appropriation;
"Exclusive economic zone" means the maritime zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea of East Timor as established by article 8 of this Act;
"Internal waters" means the internal waters of East Timor as described in article 5 of this Act;
"Low-water line" means the low-water line of the coasts of East Timor as shown on the largest scale charts officially recognized by the Government of East Timor;
"Minister" is the Minister designated by the Prime Minister as having responsibility for East Timor's maritime zones and jurisdiction;
"Nautical mile" means the International Nautical Mile of 1852 metres; and
"Territorial Sea" means the territorial sea of East Timor as described in article 6 of this Act.
1. Subject to Article 4, the normal baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea of East Timor is the low-water line along the coast of East Timor.
2. The outermost permanent harbour works, which form an integral part of the harbour system, are regarded as forming part of the coast.
1. Where rivers flow directly into the sea, the baseline shall be a straight line across the mouth of the river between points on the low-water line of its banks.
2. Subject to the relevant rules of international law, where the curvature of the coast forms a bay, the baseline shall be a straight line between the low water marks of the natural entrance points of the bay.
3. Paragraph 2 does not apply to "historic bays". The Minister may declare a bay to be a historic bay and may define the seaward limits of that bay.
The outer limit of the internal waters of East Timor is the baseline from which the breadth of the territorial sea of East Timor is measured.
The outer limit of the territorial sea of East Timor is the line every point of which is at a distance of twelve nautical miles from the nearest point of the baseline.
The outer limit of the contiguous zone of East Timor is the line every point of which is at a distance of twenty-four nautical miles from the nearest point of the baseline.
The outer limit of the exclusive economic zone of East Timor is the line every point of which is at a distance of two hundred nautical miles from the nearest point of the baseline.
The outer limit of the continental shelf of East Timor is the line every point of which is at a distance of two hundred nautical miles from the nearest point of the baseline, or the outer edge of the continental margin, where the continental margin extends beyond two hundred nautical miles from the baseline.
Notwithstanding Articles 6 to 9, where the maritime entitlements of East Timor overlap with the maritime entitlements of neighbouring states, the question of delimitation shall be settled by peaceful means of dispute settlement, in accordance with Article 33 of the Charter of the United Nations, taking into account the relevant principles and rules of international law on maritime delimitation.
1. The sovereignty of East Timor extends, beyond its land territory and internal waters, to the territorial sea, to the air space over the territorial sea as well as to its seabed and subsoil.
2. In its contiguous zone, East Timor exercises the control necessary to:
3. East Timor has:
4. East Timor exercises throughout its continental shelf sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring it and exploiting its natural resources, as well as such other rights as are recognised under international law. These sovereign rights exercised over the continental shelf do not depend on occupation, effective or notional, or on any express proclamation.