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Final report on the inquiry into East Timor

07 December 2000

Table of Contents

Membership of the Committee - (PDF format)
Secretariat
Terms of reference
Table of contents
Map of East Timor region

CHAPTER 1—Introduction - (PDF format) - (Word format)

CHAPTER 2—Economic and social development - (PDF format) - (Word format)

The East Timor economy

Budgetary assistance from Jakarta
International aid
Investment
Employment
Agriculture
Food security
Coffee
Livestock
Fisheries
Other commercial crops
Mining and energy
Timor Gap oil
Manufacturing
Infrastructure and construction
Services
Financial services
Transport services
Telecommunications
Media
Retail
Tourism
Conclusion
Land tenure
Health
Australian assistance
National Tuberculosis program in East Timor
Conclusion

Education

Australian assistance
Conclusion

The rule of law
Portugal and Portuguese
The role of the Catholic Church

CHAPTER 3—Humanitarian assistance and security matters - (PDF format) - (Word format)

Humanitarian and development assistance

Initial aid activities
Australian financial aid
International aid
Co-ordination

The Oecusse enclave
AUSCIVPOL
United States role in East Timor
Radio Australia

MAPS - (PDF format)

East Timor
Wells and fields

CHAPTER 4—The Timor Gap (Zone of Co-operation) Treaty - (PDF format) - (Word format)

Introduction
Indonesia’s interest
1997 Delimitation Treaty
Administrative arrangements in the transitional period
Bayu-Undan liquids recovery and gas recycle project
The transition from Indonesia to East Timor
Attitude of the East Timorese

MAPS - (PDF format)

The Timor Gap: terminal points 16 and 17
Areas A, B and C
Areas A, B and C in relation to East Timor and Australia

CHAPTER 5—Human rights in East Timor - (PDF format) - (Word format)

Human rights abuses in East Timor since 1975

Death toll
The human rights record, 1975—1999

Violence within East Timorese society
Responsibility for militia violence leading up to and following the 30 August 1999 vote
Holding to account those responsible for crimes
International Commission of Jurists’ offer
Displaced persons in West Timor
Electoral information data base
East Timorese asylum seekers

CHAPTER 6—Australian policy: Indonesia’s incorporation of East Timor - (PDF format)

Introduction
Australia’s breach of Portugal’s neutrality in 1941
The Menzies period
The Whitlam government

The Fretilin UDT conflict
Australian attempts at mediation
Indonesian fear of Communist influence in Fretilin
Balibo
America’s policy in 1975
Britain’s policy in 1975
Five-Power partners
Portugal’s policy
Australian disengagement
Contradiction between self-determination and incorporation

Conclusion

CHAPTER 7—Australia’s policy: late 1975–99 - (PDF format)

Fraser government
The Hawke government
The Keating government
United Nations’ negotiations
The Howard government

A well-conceived strategy?
Australia’s preparedness to prevent post-ballot violence
Australian policy in retrospect
Conclusion

CHAPTER 8—Australia and Indonesia - (PDF format)

Australia’s relations with Indonesia

Mending relations
Building a constructive relationship
Democratic Indonesia

Further Australian involvement in Indonesia
Northern Territory and eastern Indonesia
Australian defence co-operation with Indonesia

APPENDICES

Appendix 1: Submissions - (PDF format)

Appendix 2: Witnesses who appeared before the Committee at public hearings - (PDF format)